What is Trauma?

Trauma can emerge as a result of an event, series of events or set of circumstances deemed to be emotionally harmful, physically harmful or threatening. Trauma has lasting adverse effects on a person’s functioning and physical, social, emotional or spiritual well-being, according to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration definition. SAMHSA informs that trauma can affect people of every race, ethnicity, age, sexual orientation, gender, psychosocial background, and geographic region. A traumatic experience can be a single event, a series of events, and/or a chronic condition (e.g., childhood neglect, domestic violence). Traumas can affect individuals, families, groups, communities, specific cultures and generations.

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